The construction industry uses a significant amount of resources and generates an important amount of waste. In recent years, however, it is starting to counteract this by contributing to the shift towards a circular economy by using more circular building stock. The European Green Deal policy, for example, aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy where there will be no net greenhouse gases emissions by 2050 and where economic growth will be successfully decoupled from resource use.
Modular construction perfectly fits this circular ideology. It can also potentially be a key driver in carbon footprint reduction in the construction sector and improve its sustainability credentials.
Basically speaking, modular construction consists in creating a property offsite in a controlled factory environment. Modules are built in large pieces, which are then transported and assembled at the construction site. This offers numerous environmental advantages, such as resource and waste reduction, reusability, adaptability and recyclability of all its components.
In addition to their environmental advantages, modular buildings are also a very attractive option for projects where timescales are tight, or site/weather conditions are challenging. In short, they are a new breed of living buildings that can think, sense and adapt, becoming the cornerstone of modern, sustainable cities.