One of the goals of circular economy is to bring a solution to the issue posed by the growing demand and the limited availability of resources. Circularity involves redesigning a system or a product to eliminate waste and keep them in use for as long as possible. At the end of their service life, it needs to be possible to reuse and/or recycle products, so that the carbon loop can be closed. The principles of circular economy have already been successfully applied to several products, from electronic goods to clothing, but to a lesser extent for construction and building components.

The construction industry uses a significant amount of resources and generates an important amount of waste. In recent years, however, it is starting to counteract this by contributing to the shift towards a circular economy by using more circular building stock. The European Green Deal policy, for example, aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy where there will be no net greenhouse gases emissions by 2050 and where economic growth will be successfully decoupled from resource use.

Modular construction perfectly fits this circular ideology. It can also potentially be a key driver in carbon footprint reduction in the construction sector and improve its sustainability credentials.

Basically speaking, modular construction consists in creating a property offsite in a controlled factory environment. Modules are built in large pieces, which are then transported and assembled at the construction site. This offers numerous environmental advantages, such as resource and waste reduction, reusability, adaptability and recyclability of all its components.

In addition to their environmental advantages, modular buildings are also a very attractive option for projects where timescales are tight, or site/weather conditions are challenging. In short, they are a new breed of living buildings that can think, sense and adapt, becoming the cornerstone of modern, sustainable cities.

Adaptability and durability

For optimum performance and economies of scale, each component of modular design requires maximum construction efficiency, and the roof is no exception. EPDM roofing membranes are ideal for modular projects thanks to the advantages they bring during the construction phase and throughout the service life of the finished building. They are completely aligned with modular construction concepts, allowing not only design flexibility but also the possibility to adapt to future changes, disassembling, reusing or relocating the building even decades after its initial construction.

EPDM roofing membranes require no torch or hot works of any kind during their installation. They can be fully adhered, mechanically fixed or even ballasted to the substrate and the installation is almost completely odourless. This is particularly important as the modules’ roofs are installed indoors before being taken to the construction site for final assembly.

The high flexibility and elasticity of EPDM roofing membranes allow them to accommodate the building’s movements without jeopardizing their physical properties. Their excellent puncture resistance ensures a resilient and durable waterproofing solution with a service life of over 50 years.

A proven product since 1980, Firestone Building Product’s RubberGard EPDM is a robust and highly flexible synthetic rubber single-ply roofing membrane for commercial, industrial and residential projects. Its versatility, durability and ease of installation have made it extremely popular for modular projects across a wide variety of sectors.

There is a lot to
discover about EPDM


Installing EPDM is fast, flame-free and safe for people and the environment. When it comes to large roof surfaces and irregular shapes and forms, EPDM ensures a swift and easy installation process.


EPDM roofing membranes last for at least 50 years and their structure and elasticity remain unchanged. They can be easily repaired, which allows them to last even longer. No doubt: EPDM is the most durable roofing material available.